Hertfordshire Genealogy

Guide to Old Hertfordshire


Herts Past and Present

Hertfordshire Association for Local History

Autumn 2010 - No 16



In This Issue

Ashridge, Hexton, Hitchin, Kimpton, Langley, Lilley, Offley, Oxhey, St Albans, St Ippollits, Preston, Pirton, the Waldens, Walsworth, Ware


  Brief Guide to Sources: Apprenticeship Indentures - by David Short
  Lydia Hope's inventory of paintings and Charles I's art collection - by Sylvia Beare
  When Lydia Hope, a well-to-do widow living in St Albans, died in 1691 she left an inventory recording thirty-four paintings, many of them 'large'. Their titles and descriptions led to a search for their origin. The conclusion is that many of the paintings came from the sale of King Charles I's art collection in 1649­1651. Lydia bequeathed them to her grandson and their fate has not been traced, although it seems likely that they soon returned to the London art market.

George and Lydia Hope of St Albans and St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, 1628-48

The widow Lydia and her picture collection

Where did Lydia's collection come from?

Lydia sued in the court of Chancery

The sale of the Royal collection

Reassembly of a royal collection

What happened to Lydia's collection?

Edward Cole: a grateful grandson

  Some of Hertfordshire's Special Trees - by Rachel Sanderson
  The Special Trees and Woods Project, which is part of the Chiltern Woodlands Project and funded by the Heritage Lottery, is celebrating its fourth anniversary. Over the last four years an enthusiastic team of volunteers have recorded their favourite trees and woods across the Chilterns and the stories which are associated with them. It is often the stories that make the trees special and the stories often relate directly to our landscape history.
  The Great Bed of Ware: A Literary History - by David Perman

The Victoria & Albert Museum has agreed in principle to lend the Great Bed to Ware Museum for Olympic Year, 2012. If funds can be raised for the cost of insurance, etc., the return of the bed to Ware will be another stage in its extraordinary journey between five of the town So inns, then to Rye House and finally, in 1931, to the V &A. The literary history of the Great Bed is also extraordinary.

Size, naughtiness and ghosts

An advertising gimmick?

Restoration drama

Journalists and tittle-tattle

Novelists and the Great Bed

A Covent Garden pantomime, 1839, and a mistaken history

The county historians attempt to correct the story

The Dickens connection

Saved for the nation, 1931

Twentieth-century accounts of the bed

  Property ownership in twelve Hertfordshire parishes in the nineteenth century - by Nigel Agar
  This analysis of a sanitary inspector's report on the Rural District of Hitchin in 1877 reveals some interesting information about social change in twelve nearby villages and is evidence of the decline of the squirearchy and rise of property ownership among the middling classes. By that time only two out of twelve villages could be still regarded as 'close' villages with a dominant landlord squire. The other ten showed a wider variety of types of cottage owner - bakers, chemists, farmers, bankers, publicans, women and outsiders. The myth of the agricultural labourer living in his tied cottage is challenged with the thought that farmers had sufficient control over their workers without the need to be their landlords.

Open and close parishes

The 1877 Survey for the Rural Sanitary District of Hitchin

Hexton and Lilley, two close parishes

Open parishes: Ickleford

Offley - an open parish

Kimpton and the Waldens

Pirton - a special case

Ickleford, St Ippollits, Preston. Langley and Walworth

Hexton, Lilley and Langley

The myth of the labourer in his tied cottage

Outsider Owners

Charities as owners

Women owners

Springs, wells and drains: the problem of sanitation


In Conclusion

  Also editorial, news items, dates for the diary, and book reviews
June 2013   Page created