The signs on the building read "McMullen's Fine Ales" and
"Good Accommodation for Cyclists" over the entrances it reads
"Luncheons", "Wash and Brush Up" and
"Teas" and that it is licensed for the sale of beer - but
unfortunately information on the licensee is unreadable.
None of the public/beer houses are identified by name in the 1891 or 1901 census, but Thomas Cater (43, born Eastville, Lincs) is listed as "butcher and beerseller" at the Red White & Blue in the 1881 census. A Thomas Clater is the the 1882 Kelly's Directory as a beer retailer.
See also Postcards of Hertfordshire Pubs
From the Ballad "Red White and Blue" published circa 1849
Photograph of "Barnacres" Colliers End, 2006
The following table records the publicans listed at Collier's End in Kelly's Directories for Hertfordshire. The names in 1899/1902 were used to identify properties in the 1901 census, together with a study of maps, (Locating Census Addresses on Maps) suggests that William Smith was the publican at the Red White and Blue in 1901.
CORRECTION: (January 2014): However at the time the following table was drafted the 1911 census was not available, and as Colin Smith (whose ancestor William Smith died in The Plough) has pointed out the above suggestion was wrong and the table has now been corrected, and extra years added.
|Waggon & Horses||John Armstrong||John George Armstrong||James George Turner|
|Lamb & Flag||John Perry||D. Blake||James Brown||William Barrett||William Liney||Frank Brand||Rolland Drummond Douglas||Charles Rayment||Walter Early|
|Fox & Hounds||Martin George?||William Frederick Reekes||Henry Page||Charles Bristow||Herbert Ruthven||George Mison||William John Lewington||George Henry Denty||Edward Ebbs||George Meyers|
|Beer retailer [Red White & Blue]||Mrs/Miss Ellen Harrison?||Joseph A Welch||Joseph Constable||Robert Champlain||John Hebdege||Mrs Susan Hebdege|
|W H Wildman (1911)|
|Beer retailer [Plough]||Henry Edwards?||William Smith||Mrs Sarah Smith||James Smith||Joseph Shakespeare|
The question marked entries are described as beer sellers with no address. Martin George is the only Collier's End beer seller in 1882 and could have been in the Fox and Hounds or the Red White and Blue. The 1881 census is no help.. Harrison is allocated to the Red White and Blue because the census returns suggest it is closer to the blacksmith than the Plough. The Lamb and Flag is still functioning (2014) and the Fox and Hounds closed sometime between 1962 and 1995.
The 1911 Census list the following people in the Red White & Blue
|WILDMAN, William Henry||Head||Married17 years||M||36||1875||Beer Seller And General Laborer||Island Bridge Dublin|
|WILDMAN, Daisy Hannah||Wife||Married||F||32||1879||Colchester|
|WILDMAN, Joseph Herbert||Son||M||6||1905||School||St Johns and Hackney|
|WILDMAN, William John||Son||M||5||1906||School||South Hackney|
|WILDMAN, Doris Nellie||Daughter||F||3||1908||Clapham|
|WILDMAN, Emily||Daughter||F||1||1910||Standon Herts|
and the following at The Plough
|SMITH, Sarah Louisa||Head||Widow||F||63||1848||Beer House Keeper||Hainford Norfolk|
|SMITH, Louisa Matilda||Daughter||Single||F||21||1890||Dressmaker||Diltons Marsh Wilts|
|January 2014||Update with 1911 census|