Joseph Grout of Tring Park, Tring

circa 1843 to 1852

 

Notes on entries in William Brown's Account Book

 

Joseph Grout was a prosperous business man who retired to Tring Park in about 1843 and who died there in 1852. He was succeeded as tenant by the Rev James Williams, who had married his niece, and was living with him in Tring Park.


 

Folio 41

 

It could well be that William Brown had done work for him, which as recorded in earlier (missing) volumes

 

It is clear from the main entries that Joseph Grout was interested in acquiring property and commissioned William Brown to inspect them, presumably with a view for a possible purchase. William Brown visited the Gosfield Hall Estate in Essex which had recently been advertised and also estates in Norfolk and Suffolk (Clarmont Estate and Worlingham Estate, near Beccles). I show the heading of a very lengthy advert for the Gosfield Hall Estate (from the Chelmsford Chronicle of 31st October 1851, similar adverts in many other papers). The advert suggests the size of property Joseph was interested in purchasing.

 

Local Activity

 

Nov. 1851 & Jan 1852 "Journies to Wilstone marking timber, selling portions and settling with men." The timber was sold - for instance "Received of Harris for Arbele Trees at Wilstone 10-10-0."  The trees were felled by Osborn, and Newman also brought some Ash Trees.

For a discussion about what an "Arbele Tree" was see

The Black Poplars of the Wilstone Area

"1852 Paid 3 Years Quit Rent for Drayton" presumably refers to land in Drayton Beauchamp.


 

Folio 42

 

Further valuation work on the Worlingham Estate, presumably in view of a possible purchase.

 

Local Activity

 

The following outstanding sums were paid in 1853 after Joseph Grout's death:

 

Jan 28 Paid Highway Rate to Spring @ 6d in the 11-1-9
  Paid Church Rate to do 3d " 5-10-10
Feb 11 Paid 8 years Quit Rent to Manor of Tring to Mics. last 15-12-0
Mar 26 Paid 1 Years Rent of Pest House 3-0-0

 

Folio 43

This deals with the many payments needed in tidying up a large estate and the following are worth noting:

 

Feb 3 1853: "Journey to Little Gaddesden to see Mr Jenny's Agent for purpose of agreeing on the amount to be paid for 4 Heriots to the Manor of Drayton Beauchamp, agreed at 60 and settling the same."

It is interesting that the Wikipedia definition of "Heriot" includes the following text: Heriot came in many varieties. G. G. Coulton reports a curious case of heriot in modern times:

"In the later 19th century Lord Rothschild bought an estate of which part was copyhold under New College, Oxford. The Warden and Fellows, therefore, were in that respect his lords, and he had to redeem the freehold in all haste lest, at his death, these overlords should claim as a heriot his best beast which, in the case of so distinguished a racing man as Rothschild, might have been worth twenty thousand pounds or more."

As the estate Lord Rothschild brought included property that Joseph Grout had occupied it could be that the heriots agreed by William Brown were the same as Lord Rothschild converted into freehold!

-----

June 3 1853 "Of Mr Greening a years Rent to Michas last   120-0-0"

The Mr Greening is almost certainly the William Greening who in the 1851 census was a 55 year old widower, occupation "Farmer of 150 acres (Employ'g 8 Men)" at Wilstone.

Other people mentioned by name:

 

"Andrew's Bill for Materials 5-16-11"

"Faithfull Solicitors Bill 13-7-0"

"Messrs Osborn for Draining Tiles   13-18-6"


 

Folio 190

 

 


 

Folio 249

 


 

Folio 276

 


 

Folio 277

 


 

 

Some Joseph Grout references

 

The Champion of 29th July, 1838 reported the death: After a few days illness, Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Grout, esq., of Stamford-hill.

 

The Hertford Mercury and Reformer of 23 May 1840 reported: On the 12 inst., at Stamford Hill Chapel, the Rev James Williams, B.A. of Stamford Hill, Middlesex, to Elizabeth, niece of Joseph Grout, Esq, of the above place.

 

The London Standard of 24th September, 1842 records that Joseph Grout, of Stamford-Hill, was one of a large number of people who applied for a game licence in the London & Middlesex area.

 

The Hertford Mercury of 2nd March 1844 recorded the Joseph Grout. of Tring, had contributed 10 10s to the Herts Agricultural Protection Society.

 

The Bucks Herald of 19th April 1845 reported On the 16th inst, at Tring Church, Herts, by the Rev. John Williams, Wm. Banbury, Esq., to Harriet, niece of Joseph Grout, Esq., of Tring Park.

 

At the time of the 1851 census Joseph, his niece and her family including her husband the Rev James Williams, and many servants, were resident in Tring Park

GROUT, Joseph

Head

Widower

M

75

1776

Proprietor Of Mines Water Works Landed Proprietor

Puckeridge, Herts

WILLIAMS, Elizabeth

Niece

Married

F

36

1815

 

Puckeridge, Herts

WILLIAMS, James

Nephew

Married

M

37

1814

Clergyman Having No Cure Of Souls Magistrate

Mulbarton, Norfolk

WILLIAMS, Eleanor E

   

F

7

1844

Scholar At Home

Stamford Hill, Middlesex

WILLIAMS, Frances

   

F

4

1847

 

Tring, Herts

WILLIAMS, Joseph

   

M

2

1849

 

Tring, Herts

WILLIAMS, Harriett G

   

F

10 months

1851

 

Tring, Herts

BANBURY, Mary

Visitor

Unmarried

F

54

1797

 

Finsbury, Middlesex

SUCKLING, Frances

Servant

Unmarried

F

63

1788

Housekeeper

St Andrews Holborn, Middlesex

PAYNE, Martha

Servant

Married

F

46

1805

Cook

Preston, Lancashire

JOHNSON, Elizabeth

Servant

Married

F

40

1811

Coachmans Wife

Stamford Hill, Middlesex

COLLOP, Charlotte

Servant

Unmarried

F

29

1822

House Servt

Drigwell, Essex

SHEPHERD, Sarah

Servant

Unmarried

F

34

1817

House Servt

Southampton, Hampshire

HAROLD, Mary W

Servant

Unmarried

F

40

1811

House Servt

Marlborough, Hampshire

MARTIN, Lucy

Servant

Unmarried

F

18

1833

House Servt

Kings Newton, Derbyshire

MARTIN, Jane

Servant

Unmarried

F

23

1828

House Servt

Bladon Wood, Kent

MATTHEWS, Mary J

Servant

Unmarried

F

18

1833

House Servt

Westminster, Middlesex

BRETSCH, Louisa

Servant

Unmarried

F

25

1826

House Servt

Chillington, Staffordshire

DUNHAM, Eliza

Servant

Unmarried

F

21

1830

House Servt

Clapton, Middlesex

PANICARD, Ann

Servant

Unmarried

F

27

1824

House Servt

Kirdford, Sussex

READING, Mary E

Servant

Unmarried

F

24

1827

House Servt
 

Aylesbury, Bucks

BARDERICK, Sarah

Servant

Unmarried

F

23

1828

House Servt

Wingrave, Bucks

GLENISTER, Charlotte

Servant

Unmarried

F

19

1832

House Servt

Hawridge, Bucks

RAWLINS, Ann

Servant

Unmarried

F

27

1824

House Servt

Marsh Gibbon, Bucks

AYRES, Henry

Servant

Unmarried

M

25

1826

House Footman

Oving, Bucks

FLOYD, James

Servant

Unmarried

M

19

1832

House Footman

Princes Risborough, Bucks

HAWKINS, Joseph

Servant

Unmarried

M

19

1832

House Groom

Woughton, Bucks

 

The Hertford Mercury of 11th December, 1852 reported the death: On the 8th inst., at Tring Park, Herts, Joseph Grout, Esq., aged 76.

 

The Bucks Herald of 18th March, 1854 reported A handsome painted window has just been placed in the chancel of [Tring] Church, to the memory of Joseph Grout, Esq. It represents St. Peter, St James and St John, with appropriate canopies, and is a lasting and chaste monument to the memory of one whose kindness and charity will be long remembered by the poor of Tring.

 

The Rev James Williams took over the running of the estate and there are extensive references in William Brown's account book starting in December 1851 in Folio 68, although the earlier references clearly precede Joseph Grout's death.

 

     
August 2013   Page Created