A Survey of Sandridge in 1726

 

Old Herts

Places

Sandridge

In 1726 J. P. Desmartz drafted "An Exact Survey of all the Demesnes, Copyholds and Freeholds in the Mannor of Sandridge in Hertfordshire, together with the names of all the Fields, Copyholders, Freeholders and Tenants of the said Mannor."

This map is deposited in the British Library (Manuscript Department) bound in a huge book (Althrop P.3) which contains estate maps of properties all over the country held by Earl Spencer. Because of the size of the original the map, which is on a scale of 13 inches to the mile, it has been cut into six sheets, and unfortunately this has left the village of Sandridge on the corners of four sheets.

Around the edge of the map are listings of all the fields and properties, with their owners/tenants, reference numbers and areas, together with a summary listing, which is reproduced here (with abbreviations expanded). Where there are differences in the headings of the full listings this is noted in footnotes.

It should be noted that this is from my working document, which contains further notes and which hopefully will be expanded when I have time to revisit the British Library to do further work.

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Abstract of the contents of all the Demesnes, copy-holds and free-holds in the Mannor of Sandridge together with the names of the copyholders, free-holders and tenants digested alphabetically to serve as an index referring to their several respective perticulars Viz

Abstract of Demesnes

Demesnes

Tenants

Contents

Broomhills [1]

Thomas Kinderly [2]

46

1

11

Dead Woman's Land

Thomas Thrale of Marshalwick

201

2

28

Evans's Farm

William Manfield

265

0

24

Frogmores Farm

John Jaques

124

1

26

Hill End Farm

Thomas Smith

338

2

10

Part of Jennings 's Field

John Haywood

51

3

5

Sandridge-bury Farm

Thomas Knight

183

1

18

Street Farm

Jennings Cox

227

3

36

Street Farm next ye Church

Thomas Thrale [3]

 

 

 

Two fields

Ralph Thrale

21

1

25

Tower Hill Farm

Thomas Leay

142

3

3

Wheelers Farm [4]

John Kreek [5]

42

2

31

Woods kept in the hand of

The Lady of the Mannor

69

0

33

Widow Eaton's Field

Widow Eaton

2

3

14

 

 

1984

0

29

 

Abstract of Copyholders

Copyholders

Copyholds

Tenants

Contents

Adams, Jno, see Diamond

 

 

 

 

 

Anderson, Widow

Windmill on Barnet Heath [6]

 

1

3

3

Baker, Davis

House & Garden

 

0

0

17

Bazell, John

Caps Farm

 

26

2

15

Broading, John

Brick-kiln

 

 

 

 

Chalkley, William

House

 

 

 

1

Chappel, Francis

Beech-hide House &c

Daniel Mitchell

14

0

32

Chappel, Francis

Coleman Green House [7]

Joseph Allen

 

1

35

Church and

Churchyard

 

1

1

4

Day, Thomas

11 closes

Thomas Kinderly

89

2

15

Debridge, William

Chalkdell  Farm

 

114

3

4

Diamond , William

House & Orchard

 

 

 

19

Dodnel, John

A Windmill [8]

 

 

 

 

Dolling, John

House & Garden

 

 

 

33

Edmond, James

House

 

 

 

2

Edmond, Joseph

House & Garden

 

 

 

7

Eeles, Joseph

Beech-hide Farm

Richard Adams

134

1

2

Field, Sarah

Water-end [9]

Joseph Andrews

37

0

29

Field, Widow

House at Beech-hide

 

 

 

33

Gladman, Grace

Braxhill Berry

 

8

3

19

Gladman, John

Woodcock Hill [10]

 

24

1

27

Haid , see Huntsman

 

 

 

 

 

Harvey , see Miner

 

 

 

 

 

Huntsman, John

Fearfull's Farm [11]

Joseph Smith

229

1

29

Knell, William

Four Closes [12]

Michael How

36

2

15

Lawrence

Crown Alehouse &c

 

2

1

26

Leay

House & Land [13]

 

7

1

8

Manfield, William

House & Orchard

 

 

 

35

Miner, John

House & Garden

 

 

 

21

Newman, William

House & Yard

 

 

 

12

Paikles, John & James

House

 

 

 

13

Pead, Widow, see Stephen

 

 

 

 

 

Poors

3 Tenements

Poor of the Parish

 

 

3

Poors

2 Tenements

Poor of the Parish

 

 

10

Seed , John, see Broading

 

 

 

 

 

Smeathe, Mr

House & Garden

 

 

1

12

Smith, John

Beech-hide Farm [14]

John Dolling

160

1

11

Smith, John

Sheep-hide Farm [15]

Mr John Smith

141

3

11

South, William

Hook's Farm [16]

Mr South

146

2

13

Stanborough, William

House

 

 

 

4

Stephen, William

House & Garden

 

 

 

18

Strutton, Daniel

House

Daniel Strutton

 

 

3

Strutton, see Stephen

 

 

 

 

 

Thrale, John

Hamen's Farm

John Thrale

199

1

13

Thrale, Ralph

Noman's Land

Widow Thrale

213

2

13

Thrale, Richard

Green's Farm

Thomas Thrale

41

3

21

Thrale, Thomas

of Marshalwick

Thomas Thrale

150

2

17

Thrale, Thomas

of the Street

Thomas Thrale

35

0

19

Toomb, Mr

Samuel's Farm

Thomas George

176

3

26

Turner, James

A Windmill [17]

 

 

 

 

Vicar

Vicaridge House, etc

Dr Grace

 

1

34

Weatherhead, William

Nashes Farm

 

120

1

17

Weatherhead, William

House & Garden [18]

 

 

1

4

Wilsher, William

Watered Farm [19]

 

47

2

15

Yeatcher, James

2 Houses & Gardens

 

 

 

31

 

 

Total

2156

0

0

Barnet Common contains

32

0

0

The Common of Noman's Land contains

76

0

0

The Roads, Lanes & Greens in the Mannor of Sandridge

101

0

0

 

Abstract of the Freeholders

Freeholders

Freeholds

Tenants

Contents

Allsey, Edward

5 closes [20]

George Croach [21]

22

1

1

Eyott Rectory [22]

Little White Hill

John Tommerling

1

0

0

Gape, John, Esq

Brick Mead [23]

 

2

3

20

Garrett, Sr Samuel

Braidhall Farm

 

403

3

22

Garrett, Sr Samuel

Water End Farm

 

500

2

25

St Peter ( St Albans )

Traps Lank

John Kreek

41

3

25

Strong, Mr

Culbert's Mead [24]

Henry Mason

8

2

3

Tanner, Thomas

Stone Cross Mead

Thomas Tanner

1

3

19

Thrale, John

Praise Close [25]

John Thrale

7

2

31

Thrale, Thomas

Marshalwick

Thomas Thrale

38

2

34

Westfield, Mr

Gallows Mead

John Howard

3

0

3

Winington, Esq

Brockett's Land [26]

Thomas Seabrook

164

0

16

Winington, Esq

Park Mead

John Andrews

6

2

24

Young, Edward

Water-end Hill Farm

John Lawrence

15

3

8

 

 

Total

1219

0

8

 


[1] "The Broom Hill"

[2] All references to Kinderly are probably to Kinder

[3] "Thomas Thrale of the Street"

[4] "Willer's Farm"

[5] "John Creek"

[6] The map shows a post mill adjacent to two buildings.

[7] "Francis Chappel hath Coleman-green House and a Smiths Shop"

[8] "John Dodnel (of Rightborn Mill) hath a windmill on Barnet Heath" Map shows it to be a tower mill. [Rightborn = Redbourn?]

[9] "Sarah Field hath Water End next the Bridge"

[10] "John Gladman hath a house and land called Woodcock Hill or Windmill House"

[11] "Mr Huntsman and Mr Haide have a house and land called Fierfull's Farm"

[12] "Will Knell hath four closes adjoining Willers Farm"

[13] "Thomas Leay hath a house and land at Tower Hill"

[14] "Mr John Smith hath Sheepshide Farm, John Dolling tenant" the location of the fields shows that the field farmed by John Dolling were part of what is referred to later as Cheapside Farm.

[15] "Sheepshide Farm"

[16] The list of William South's property includes a smith's shop at Sandridge.

[17] "John Turner (of the Abbey Mill) hath a windmill on Barnet Heath." The maps shows it to be a tower mill.

[18] This property is a small enclosure on "Barnett Heath" to the south of the road from St Albans to "Lewton"

[19] "Will Wilsher hath a House and land called Waters or Waked's Farm" later known as Wacket's Farm.

[20] "Five closes adjoining Braidhall"

[21] "George Croch"

[22] "Rector of Eyott St Lawrence hath a field adjoining Braidhall Farm"

[23] "John Gape Esq has a Mead called The Brick Meadow"

[24] "Mr Strong hath two closes next the Freedom Post"

[25] "John Thrale of Amen hath close called Praises Field marked in the map"

[26] "Mr Brocket's Land"

If you can add to the information given above tell me.