Notes on slides for Talk on

William Brown's

Account Book 1851-8

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Thomas Springwell in Distress


Folios 38, 39


At the time of the 1851 census Thomas Springwell was described as a master baker living in Akeman Street. employing one man (James Jones, journeyman biscuit baker) and one boy. It is clear that he had not been paying his bills and William Brown acted as a bailiff, coming in a seizing and selling off some of Thomas's possessions and sorting out his finances. The payments show that John Brown was the landlord (William Brown's brother) was owed £30 in unpaid rent and he had was using William Brown to recover the money. It was clear that there was no intention to close down the business as William Brown employed a man for 32 days to take possession of, and continue to run, the business - as can be seen by the payment of £1 10s to Mead & Bailey, the flour millers at New Mill.


The following outstanding payments were paid:


The following customers had accounts with Thomas Springwell which were recovered: Bilbey, Chapman, Collins, Cooper, Duncan, Fulks, Fulks, Gates, Liddington, Newman, Pickthorne, Pope, Sills, Simbs, Woodman.


The following priority bills were outstanding Gas Account, Poor Rate, Lighting Rate, Assessed Taxes, Highway Rate, Church Rate


The following creditors were paid a dividend of 2s 6d in the pound


  £ s d

1851 Post Office Directory

Adams   2. 10½ Henry Adams, shopkeeper, Frogmore Street
Thomas Clarke 2 7 9 Thomas Clarke & Co, corn dealers, Frogmore Street
George Cook 1 8 -  
Glover and Gates   7 10 Thomas Glover & Joseph Gates, grocers & tallow chandlers, Tring
Griffin     6 William Griffin, appraiser, carpenter & broker, High Street

Mead (Butcher)

  1 - John Mead, butcher & farmer, High Street
Philby (Baker) 1 5 9 Joseph Philbey, baker & shopkeeper, Akeman Street
Russell   11 2  
Tompkins (Ironmonger)   2 - Mrs Mary Tompkins & Sons, braziers & furnishing ironmongers, High Street



The 1851 census shows that there were two properties between the Springwell house/bakery and the Royal Oak. Akeman Street. HALS hold deeds relating to the Tring Brewery and it seems that one relates to the following properties in Akeman street - 21, 25, 26, 27, and the Royal Oak (28) - which undoubtedly includes the area now called Brown's Maltings. The 1861 census shows a Charles Philbey, aged 34,  was a master baker in Akeman Street close to the Royal Oak. Charles would seem to have been an ideal person to keep the business running. In 1851 his father, Joseph Philbey, also had a baker's shop in Akeman street while Charles was an unmarried 24 year old baker working tor Frederick & Thomas Smith, bakers of Two Waters, Hemel Hempstead. In 1890 a John Rolfe was a baker at 25 Akeman Street. There was still a bakers shop at No. 25 in 1937, when the baker was Horace James Bond & Sons. This all suggest that Thomas Springwell was living in what is now number 25 Akeman Street.