Welwyn Garden City


A Twentieth Century Development involving the parishes of  Ayot St Peter, Digswell, Hatfield Hyde, Lemsford, Tewin and Welwyn

This site is mainly concerned with matters up to the end of the First World War and so the coverage of Welwyn Garden City is limited,

The history of Welwyn Garden City is a remarkable one as it is one of only two garden cities ever built in Britain (the other, Letchworth, is also in Hertfordshire) following the ideas of the reformer Ebenezer Howard.

He bought land in rural Hertfordshire in 1919, formed a private company which became Welwyn Garden City Limited and, with a group of dedicated supporters, began in 1920 to build the town. It was to be a town planned with the social conditions of its inhabitants in mind. His plans included plenty of open space, good quality, low density housing with gardens and local industry and amenities for its inhabitants. His ideas became the foundation for the worldwide Garden Cities and New Town Movement.

The town's early development was beset with problems, the company finding few backers for their scheme in the hard times of the 1920s and 1930s. Despite this the town grew and from 1948, under the Development Corporation and Commission for New Towns saw great post-war expansion.

From the cover of Angela Eserin's book Welwyn Garden City

Book: A History of Welwyn Garden City, by Roger Filler, 1986. A serious modern history

Book: Welwyn Garden City, by Angela Eserin, 1995, is a collection of photographs recording the development of the city.

Book: Welwyn Garden City Past, by Tony Rook, 2001

Reference: Paul Victor Edison Mauger, FRIBA (1896-1962): Quaker Architect at Welwyn Garden City

Museum: Mill Green Museum - For details see hertsmuseums.org.uk/millgreen

Wikipedia entry

Web Site: Our Welwyn Garden City (associated with Hertfordshire Memories)

Web Site: Alan Cash's web site contains very extensive coverage of Books on Welwyn Garden City; Maps and Plans of the City, and Early Aerial Photographs.

If you know of other books, websites, etc, relating to this place, please tell me.

October 2009   New references
June 2011   Our Welwyn Garden City