Watford,

Hertfordshire

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watford-multi-downer-letters
Published by Downer & Sons. Posted 1907


Detail from Charles Smith's map of Hertfordshire (1808 edition)

Adjacent Parishes: Abbots Langley, Aldenham, Bushey, Kings Langley, Pinner (Middlesex), Rickmansworth, Ruislip (Middlesex), Sarratt, St Stephens (St Albans)

It is in the Cashio Hundred

Watford is an ancient market town which developed along the main road from London to Birmingham via Aylesbury. Since the coming of the railway in 1837 Watford has grown rapidly and is now a major centre of population. For this reason the information on the town has been split up over the following pages:

Site under development - some pages not yet complete

Watford Map in 1800
A Description of Watford in 1807
Map of Watford area, 1835
Town Centre Map of 1849
A Description of Watford in 1880

Watford's Rise and Progress - 1922
Places of Worship in 1908
Cassiobury 

Callowland (later North Watford) 
Watford Heath

Sparrows Herne Turnpike
The Canal at Watford
The Railway at Watford 
The River Colne
Silk Mills at Watford
London Orphan Asylum
Watford Union & Workhouse

The Great Storm of 1907

Munden, home of Holland-Hibbert

Nearby Places
Cashio Hundred (with maps)
Aldenham
Bushey
Chipperfield
Croxley Green
Kings Langley
Leavesden
Oxhey
Rickmansworth
Sarratt
St Stephens

Old Postcard Views
The Grove and Grove Mill Lane
Cassiobury & Cassiobury Park
The Cross Roads and Pond
Watford High Street
Watford High Street on Market Day
Lower High Street, Watford

St Mary's Church, Watford
Queens Road
Some other Watford roads
Some Other Buildings

Event Postcards
Interesting Postcards
The First World War

Sources of Information
Books
Watford Library
Watford Museum

Watford Illustrated (WW1 Pictures)
Watford Observer
WADIHS
Web Sites
See also Vital data

Key External Links
Victoria History
GENUKI
Wikipedia
Watford Borough Council
Modern (google) Map

Some answers to Questions about Watford Places
Ballards Buildings (Victorian Slums)

Cassio Hamlet
Farraline House, Watford, 19th/20th century

Heath Farm

Lock Cottages, Cassiobury Park, Watford, circa 1900

173-175 High Street, Watford
197 High Street, Watford - Fried Fish Sellers

62 Harwoods Road, Watford

watford-multi-six-views-arms
Published by The London View Co. Ltd. Posted 1906

Over the years many people have suggested various ways in which Watford got its name, and Saunders' History of Watford gives details of some of them. Chauncy suggested the name was from "Wetford" - a deep ford that wetted the users. Cussans suggested "Wadeford" because the ford was midbody deep. Others have suggested "Watlingford" because it is on a branch of Watling Street. Saunders considers the possibility that it was "Wata's Ford" after some otherwise unknown Anglo-Saxon called Wata. The Place-names of Hertfordshire records early spellings as Watford, Wetford, Wathford and Watteford and suggests that the original Anglo-Saxon name would have been something like Wathford in modern language, and meant a ford which is used by Hunters. All we know for certain is that the name dates from before the Norman conquest and its origin is speculation.

watford-multi-4-arms
Published by H. W, Rawlings, High Street, Watford. Posted 1912

Q. What is the situation of Watford?

A. Watford, a handsome well-built market-town, consisting chiefly of one long street, is situated on a rising hill, near the River Colne, by which it is nearly surrounded, 20 miles from Hertford and 14 from London. It contains 519 houses and 2603 inhabitants, and has a market on Saturday.

Q. What is worthy of notice in Watford?

A. The church, which stands nearly in the centre of the town, is a spacious stone structure, with a lofty tower, surmounted by a spire, the summit of which is 110 feet from the ground. Within are some handsome monuments of the Morison family and of the Countess Dowager of Bedford. In the church-yard is a large and handsome school-house for 40 boys and 20 girls, founded by Mrs Elizabeth Fuller, and since assisted by the bequests of three charitable persons. Here are likewise eight alms-houses and a respectable market-house, resting on wooden pillars. Watford is the native place of the late William Kenrick.

Q. Has Watford any manufactures?

A. Yes; it has three large manufactories for throwing silk, and two paper mills.

Q. What seats are in the vicinity of Watford?

A. North-west of the town, is Cashiobury Park, the noble seat of the Earl of Essex; to the north of this is Grove Park, the residence of the Earl of Clarendon, and near it, on the east, is Russell Farm, the mansion of Lord Henley.

The History and Topography of Hertfordshire, circa 1820

watford-multi-jay-em-jay
Published by Jackson & Son, Publishers, Grimsby. Posted 1912

See also Vital Records

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Page updated October 2008